Euro 2012 - Robben slays England in crazy finale
The Bayern Munich winger scored the second of two brilliant goals in the second minute of stoppage time, just moments after Ashley Young had brought England back from a two-goal deficit.
Strikes from Robben and Klaas Jan Huntelaar just before the hour mark had taught Stuart Pearce's England a lesson in finishing and concentration.
With the game apparently grinding to a halt, defender Gary Cahill gave England a lifeline with a smart finish on 85 minutes.
And when Ashley Young clipped the ball deftly over Maarten Stekelenburg, it looked like the caretaker manager had taken an unlikely draw.
Yet Robben had the last laugh, sidestepping Leighton Baines and beating Hart with a deflected shot to earn the Dutch a deserved victory.
While Pearce's caretaker stewardship, followed by a swift permanent appointment, hardly provides England with the best preparation for Euro 2012, the crowd began the evening in a buoyant mood.
Before kick-off, Wembley roared its approval of Scott Parker's appointment as captain, and the midfielder further endeared himself to the England fans with an all-action performance.
Parker made several important blocks, including one painful-looking intervention to stop a stinging Wesley Sneijder shot, and completed 97 per cent of his first-half passes, more than any other England player.
Having been overlooked for the captaincy, Steven Gerrard suffered another blow when he limped off after just half an hour. Liverpool fans will hope it was a precautionary measure, three days after the Liverpool skipper played two hours at Wembley in the Carling Cup final.
England created a positive impression without oozing menace. They passed the ball slickly and patiently, and caused the Netherlands problems from set-pieces.
On seven minutes, Cahill headed just over from the Gerrard corner, while a subsequent Adam Johnson delivery caused momentary panic at the back.
Having initially disappointed, the Dutch burst into life after the break, and went in front on 57 minutes thanks to the electric Robben.
The former Chelsea man gathered the ball in his own half and sprinted straight at England. England retreated and retreated, apparently confused by Huntelaar's decoy run, and Robben powered a low shot past Hart.
Within 90 seconds, it was two. Leighton Baines, preferred at left-back to Ashley Cole, gave Dirk Kuyt space to cross from the right and Huntelaar beat Chris Smalling to the ball, heading home from eight yards.
Both players needed extensive treatment after a painful clash of heads, and played no further part.
England looked finished, and in danger of being overrun. Yet Cahill gave them a lifeline thanks to an impromptu jaunt forward worthy of his new club-mate David Luiz.
The Chelsea defender appeared offside when he received the ball inside the Dutch box, but the flag stayed down and he kept his cool to dodge Joris Mathijsen and fire past Stekelenburg.
Wembley suddenly found its voice, and the early dash to the Tube halted abruptly.
Young lifted the ball over the advancing keeper to score his fifth England goal.
It was a disappointing finish for Pearce, and the next permanent boss might reflect on the fact that England's three Euro 2012 group stage opponents - France, Sweden and Ukraine - all won away on the night.