All Blacks make four changes for Scotland
Liam Messam, who made his Test debut against Scotland in 2008, has been picked at blindside flanker in his fourth Test start, Jimmy Cowan returns at scrum-half, Conrad Smith is back at centre and Isaia Toeava comes in on the right wing.
Henry could also be forced into a fifth change after the All Blacks named hooker Keven Mealamu, pending the outcome of the former's appeal against the four-week ban handed down for an apparent headbutt on England's Lewis Moody.
Uncapped Hike Elliot has been listed as his replacement should the appeal fail.
Captain Richie McCaw and full-back Mils Muliaina have been selected and will win their 92nd caps, equalling Sean Fitzpatrick's All Blacks record, as part of a strong New Zealand XV.
"This is another challenging Test for the All Blacks and our selection reflects that," Henry said.
"We have huge respect for the Scots and the way they are playing the game.
"They have had some major victories in recent times, including two away wins in Argentina and a win over Ireland this year plus the win over Australia last year, so it should be another absorbing contest between the two teams."
There has been a positional switch for Sonny Bill Williams, who will play at inside centre.
Experienced hooker Andrew Hore has been named among the replacements following shoulder surgery while John Afoa, Daniel Braid and Ma'a Nonu will also be on the bench.
New Zealand: 15-Mils Muliaina, 14-Isaia Toeava, 13-Conrad Smith, 12-Sonny Bill Williams, 11-Hosea Gear, 10-Daniel Carter, 9-Jimmy Cowan; 8-Kieran Read, 7-Richie McCaw (captain), 6-Liam Messam, 5-Sam Whitelock, 4-Brad Thorn, 3-Owen Franks, 2-Keven Mealamu or Hikawera Elliot, 1-Tony Woodcock.
Replacements: 16-Andrew Hore, 17-John Afoa, 18-Anthony Boric, 19-Daniel Braid, 20-Andy Ellis, 21-Stephen Donald, 22-Ma'a Nonu