Lock Lionel Nallet scored two tries as France signed off their ragged Six Nations championship by beating Wales 28-9 in an error-strewn match to finish second in the standings and assure England of top spot.
Wales needed to win by 27 points to overhaul England, beaten earlier 24-8 in Dublin, but they were second-best for most of the night and trailed 11-3 at halftime with a 38th-minute try by Nallet and the goalkicking of Morgan Parra.
Julien Pierre charged down a James Hook kick to present Nallet with a second try five minutes into the second half and, after Wales had Hook harshly sin-binned for a dangerous tackle, winger Vincent Clerc crossed for the third try.
France, grand slam winners last season but beaten by England and stunned by Italy this year, finished on six points along with Ireland and Wales but took second place on points difference.
England topped the standings with eight points and become the fourth different country to win the title in four years.