Archery was introduced to the Olympic Games schedule in 1900, while women first competed in 1904. The sport was dropped in 1912, restored in 1920 and then dropped again until 1972, which is the point from which most records are calculated.
Belgium were the big losers from the break in the action, winning 20 medals including 11 gold between 1900 and 1920, and failing to collect a medal of any colour since the resumption.
South Korea picked up where the Belgians left off and lead the medal table comfortably, even though their archers only competed for the first time in 1984. Their proudest moment came in Seoul in 1988, when, in front of their own people, they won three out of four gold medals, plus two silvers and a bronze.
The Koreans' total of 30 archery medals includes 16 gold, double the tally of the United States in second place. No other nation has won more than one gold.
In London the men's and women's events will be played in a knockout format. The individual competitions will be contested over the best-of-five sets, with three arrows per archer in each set. The team event will feature teams of three archers, with eight arrows each.
The archers will shoot from 70 metres at a target measuring 122cm in diameter, with the gold in the centre just 12.2cm. High-tech innovations over the years have included sights and stabilisers for the bows.
With men and women able to compete for only two gold medals each, no one can match the record of six archery gold medals set by Belgium's Hubert Van Innis, with two in 1900 and four in 1920.
EVENTS / FAVOURITES / FORMAT:
1 Brady Ellison (United States)
2 Im Dong-Hyun (Korea)
3 Kim Woojin (Korea)
4 Oh Jin-Hyek (Korea)
5 Viktor Ruban (Ukraine)
6 Dmytro Hrachov (Ukraine)
7 Dai Xiaoxiang (China)
8 Jayanta Talukdar (India)
1 Denisse Van Lamoen (Chile)
2 Kristine Esebua (Georgia)
3 Deepika Kumari (India)
4 Yun Ok-Hee (Korea)
5 Berengere Schuh (France)
6 Fang Yuting (China)
7 Kwak Ye-Ji (Korea)
8 Ki Bo Bae (Korea)
4 United States
8 Chinese Taipei
The archer stands 70m from the target and aim at a 122cm diameter target which is divided into 10 rings of 12.2 cm in diamater. One point is awarded for hitting the outermost ring and the scores go up to 10 points for hitting the bullseye which is 12.2cm in diameter. Arrows that land on a line score the higher of the two scores. Within the bullseye there's a smaller ring called the x10 which is used in the event of a tie.
64 archers take part in the individual event in which contestants shoot 72 arrows in six ends of 12 arrows. They are seeded based on their score for the elimination round in which archers go head-to-head and shoot simultaneously, firing 18 arrows in six ends of three. From the quarter-finals onward, each archer shoots 12 arrows in four ends of three alternately.
The team events consists of three archers who have competed in the individual competition. Their scores in the individual ranking round are added together to determine the team's seeding for the knock-out matches which consist of 24 arrows per team, shot in four ends of six arrows with each member of the team firing twice per end.
ALL-TIME MEDAL TABLE: