Adcock claimed world mixed doubles silver with Imogen Bankier in London in 2011 before partnering the Scot at the London 2012 Olympics and failing to make it out of the group stage.
The pair went their separate ways in the aftermath with Adcock renewing his on-court partnership with off-court partner Gabby White and aiming for success on his return to the worlds in China.
However, after being handed a bye into the second round, 16th seeds Adcock and White were beaten in their first encounter 21-18, 21-16 by Taiwan pair Chen Hung Ling and Cheng Wen Hsing.
Adcock returned though to book a place in the men's doubles second round as he and Andrew Ellis beat Dutch pair Ruud Bosch and Koen Ridder with ninth seeds Chai Biao and Zhang Nan next up.
Chris Langridge and Peter Mills had already ensured that England would have a pair in round two after overcoming Tsz Kit Chan and Lok Kei Lo of Hong Kong 21-12, 12-15 in Guangzhou.
And the English-Scottish partnership of Marcus Ellis and Paul van Rietvelde were also toasting progression with a 21-15, 21-8 victory over Norwegians Jonas Christensen and Marius Myhre.
The all-Scottish duo of Martin Campbell and Patrick MacHugh couldn't follow suit though while Sarah Walker claimed another England win over Kate Foo Kune in the women's singles first round.