India began the home series knowing victory would restore them to the top of the pile but England ensured they are just a fraction behind in second place by winning the final game in Dharamsala.
Both teams have 119 ranking points - India gaining two and England losing two - with Mahendra Singh Dhoni's side ahead by just 0.2 when the numbers were calculated beyond the decimal point.
England topped the rankings for the first time in September.
South Africa drifted from second to fourth in the ladder after their surprise 2-1 defeat to New Zealand. Australia make up the top three.