The British rider came second to the Dutchwoman at this summer's Olympic Games after a thrilling sprint finish on The Mall but she will get the chance for quick revenge at the National Cycling Centre on December 1.
"I'll be racing at the next Revolution and I've been told that Marianne will be here too. It's only a few weeks away so I'll need to get training," Armitstead said.
The Revolution Series, billed by organisers as "the world's premier elite cycling league", consists of 12 teams for the 2012-13 season, with events taking place both in Manchester and Glasgow.
Vos said: "It will be amazing to return to track racing at the Revolution Series after winning Olympic gold in the road race in London.
"I have great memories of competing in Manchester - I won the points race at the World Championships there in 2008 so it's where I started to have success on the track.
"I'm really looking forward to competing at Revolution against some of the best riders in the world."