The 30-year-old has a fine international pedigree as a sprinter with his greatest success his Olympic keirin silver behind Sir Chris Hoy at the Beijing 2008 Games.
Edgar also has four World Championship medals, two silvers and a bronze in the team sprint plus a bronze in the keirin from the 2007 global gathering in Spain.
However Edgar, who won team sprint gold and individual sprint silver for Scotland at the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games, has now moved away to endurance.
He missed out on the London 2012 Olympics before concentrating on the road and Brailsford is fascinated by how the Scot will perform following the move.
"In the men's endurance programme, Ross Edgar has switched from sprint to endurance so it will be interesting to see how he develops," said Brailsford, after confirming the British cycling team for the new funding year.
"In line with the UK Sport funding structure, we have reviewed the British Cycling's Olympic Programmes, and I believe we have a strong squad to take us into the second year of this Olympic cycle."