Lennon was issued with a notice of compliant by the Scottish Football Association on Friday night accusing him of breaking the terms of his three-match suspension by being in the "playing zone" within 15 minutes of the final whistle of Celtic's 3-1 defeat by Motherwell on Sunday.
Lennon faces a Hampden hearing on May 23 - three days before Celtic face Hibernian in the cup final.
The former Celtic skipper was summoned to the Fir Park match officials' room by referee Euan Norris after the second match of his three-match ban.
The ban, which had been suspended from last season, was triggered by a controversial SFA charge against Lennon for using offensive language towards St Mirren captain Jim Goodwin, which was caught on microphone during live television coverage.
The judicial panel which decides his fate will also rule on two SFA charges brought against Kilmarnock manager Kenny Shiels, who became embroiled in a public spat with the Celtic boss last week after Lennon had hit out over the absence of his players on the PFA Scotland player of the year shortlist.
The Killlie manager has been accused of both bringing the game into disrepute and not acting in the best interests of football by making comments in the media that "call into question the impartiality of the Judicial Panel and the integrity of another member club of the Scottish FA".
Speaking about Celtic, Shiels told BBC Radio Scotland: "They have got a massive influence in the judicial panel and things like that, decisions that's made. Celtic are the monster of Scottish football."
Kilmarnock have also effectively been charged with failing to control their manager from April 6-30. The Rugby Park club have been accused of breaking rule 2, by "failing to procure that one of your team officials, namely Kenny Shiels, Manager, acts in accordance with Disciplinary Rule 1 and complies with the Judicial Panel Protocol)."
Kilmarnock also face a hearing on May 23.