The trio, two men and a woman, took advantage of a security lapse to infiltrate the dinner to protest about UEFA staging next month's European Under-21 Championship in Israel.
Guests at the event - including David Beckham and Sir Alex Ferguson - were stunned as one protester jumped on the stage and started shouting slogans, while another stood behind UEFA president Michel Platini with a flag.
UEFA said in a statement: "Three people caused a minor disturbance at the UEFA Congress dinner last night. They were quickly apprehended and arrested by the police."
The dinner followed UEFA's Congress in London yesterday and was organised with the support of the Football Association.
One guest at the event told Press Association Sport: "It was between courses and suddenly this man and woman got on the stage and started shouting things against Israel. Another had a flag and was standing behind Platini.
"Everyone was gobsmacked. It seemed to go on for a few minutes before they were removed. It was a bit of a security lapse to say the least. They were smartly dressed in suits but no one could understand how they had got in because we all had to show our invitations."
Protesters from a group called Red Card Israeli Racism had also staged a demonstration outside the UEFA Congress in London's Grosvenor House hotel earlier in the day.
It is the latest in a series of protests against UEFA - in January a group of pro-Palestinian activists occupied UEFA's headquarters near Geneva.
Eight countries, including England, are taking part in the under-21 tournament in Israel next month.