The Briton, who has already carried out straightline test duties for the team and currently sits fifth in the GP2 standings, will share the test with Force India's two race drivers Paul di Resta and Adrian Sutil.
AUTOSPORT understands that Force India - which has run third drivers on grand prix weekends for the past three seasons - is looking for a new reserve following Jules Bianchi landing a race deal at Marussia for this season.
Calado joined Bianchi as part of Nicolas Todt's management stable earlier this year.
Force India team boss Vijay Mallya confirmed that the test was to evaluate the Racing Steps Foundation-backed driver, and to give di Resta and Sutil mileage on the new Pirelli tyres.
"We are pleased to give James the opportunity to test with us at Silverstone," Mallya said.
"As a graduate of the Racing Steps Foundation, his talent and determination have brought him to our attention and this is the ideal occasion to evaluate him further.
"The priority this week is to give the team a better understanding of the new Pirelli tyres due to be introduced next week in Budapest."
Force India said the driving schedule will be confirmed each morning ahead of the start of the test.
Silverstone test line-up as announced by teams so far:
* The driving schedule will be confirmed each morning