The 34-year-old was sacked just eight months into his former post in March, when the Blues were outside the top four of the Premier League.
The Portuguese coach would not go into specifics, but maintains he was let down by the Blues billionaire Russian owner, saying: "I respect the decision of the owner of Chelsea, but I will never accept it."
He added: "I told him that for me it was him quitting on me when he had been so much involved in the beginning in bringing me in and he was the one also who was not putting up to the things he promised.
"It is all very well that you cut the project short and Chelsea go on to win two trophies and you say how wonderful the squad was, but at the beginning nobody believed in that squad when we put it together.
"It was a tremendous learning experience which I am grateful in some ways to have gone through it because it makes me a better coach and a better person at this time.
"But the decision to cut it short was not mine and for Chelsea to have won the Champions League and to have won the FA Cup was because we were still in those competitions.
"I had the opportunity to win them cut short and I had cut short the opportunity to qualify for the Champions League when I was just three points off the fourth position, this is what I recall from the day when I was sacked."
Villas-Boas insists he has taken much on board from his short spell in charge of Chelsea, during which there were some disagreements with senior players over tactics and direction.
"I am not a guy who is able to criticise anyone in public, but I am not a guy who promotes individuals in public," he said. "I understand now that certain things can be done better and in the end you evolve in different ways. Hopefully I can apply the different things I have learned properly."