Garcia suspended two years
The decision was taken at the same time as the that which sanctioned Tour de France champion Alberto Contador to one year of suspension.
Garcia, who was riding for Xacobeo when he finished 11th at the 2010 Vuelta, undertook a test on September 13 last year which a laboratory in Madrid found to contain EPO, the banned blood booster.
Hydroxyethylamidon, a blood plasma substitute which can hide traces of EPO, had already been been detected in a sample analysed in Cologne on September 16.
Since the announcement of the first positive sample, Garcia has been suspended temporarily by the UCI.