London Spy

Sport guide: Wrestling

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OVERVIEW:

Wrestling falls into two categories - Greco-Roman, which was part of the first Games, and freestyle, which was introduced in 1904.

In both disciplines the aim is to pin the opponent by forcing the back of their shoulders onto the ground. Contests take place on a mat, with each bout lasting up to three periods of two minutes each, or less if a competitor pins his opponent or wins the first two rounds.

In Greco-Roman wrestling, fighters are only allowed to use their arms and upper bodies to wrestle their opponents' upper bodies; in freestyle, wrestlers can use all parts of their body to attempt moves and holds on all parts of their opponents' bodies. The rules in women's Freestyle are similar to those used in men's Freestyle, but with some key variations — for example, double head-locks are forbidden.

At Stockholm in 1912 the wrestling semi-final between Russian Martin Klein and Finland's Alppo Asikainen lasted more than 11 hours. Klein won, but conceded the final because he was too exhausted to compete.

In one of the middleweight categories at the same Games the gold medal was not awarded because nine hours of wrestling between Ivar Böling, of Finland, and Sweden's Anders Ahlgren failed to produce a winner. Both men received silver.

European nations, particularly the Soviet Union and their former republics, have been prominent in both versions of the men's sport. The United States have been the most successful nation in freestyle competition, but they have declined in recent years and Japan have claimed four gold medals out of eight in the women's competition, which was introduced in 2004.

Saori Yoshida and Kaori Icho triumphed at lightweight and middleweight respectively in Athens and in Beijing, while Chiharu Icho, sister of Kaori, took the flyweight silver at both Games.

There are many examples of brothers and other relations competing in wrestling at the Games, but only one of them competing against each other for different nations. In 1996 Elmadi Jabrailov, representing Kazakhstan, beat his brother Lucman, a member of the Moldova team, in an early round of the middleweight freestyle competition.

EVENTS / FAVOURITES / FORMAT:

GRECO-ROMAN: ALL MEN

55KG
1 Rovshan Bayramov (Azerbaijan)
2 Hamid Soryan Reihanpour (Iran)
3 Elbek Tazhyiev (Belarus)
3 Roman Amoyan (Armenia)
5 Péter Módos (Hungary)
6 Nazir Mankiev (Russia)
7 Choi Guy-Jin (Korea)
8 Li Shujin (China)
60KG
1 Almat Kebispayev (Kazakhstan)
2 Hasan Aliyev (Azerbaijan)
3 Ivo Angelov (Bulgaria)
3 Omid Noroozi (Iran)
5 Zaur Kuramagomedov (Russia)
6 Davor Stefanek (Serbia)
7 Eusebiu Diaconu (Romania)
8 Jung Ji-Hyun (Korea)
66KG
1 Manuchar Tskhadaia (Georgia)
2 Ambako Vachadze (Russia)
3 Pedro Mulen (Cuba)
3 Vitaly Rahimov (Azerbaijan)
5 Saeid Mourad Abdvali (Iran)
6 Tamás Lörincz (Hungary)
7 Kim Hyun-Woo (Korea)
8 Armen Vardanyan (Ukraine)
74KG
1 Selcuk Cebi (Turkey)
2 Arsen Julfalakyan (Armenia)
3 Neven Zugaj (Croatia)
3 Roman Vlasov (Russia)
5 Alexander Kikinov (Belarus)
6 Dmitri Pyshkov (Ukraine)
7 Peter Bácsi (Hungary)
8 Elvin Mursaliev (Azerbaijan)
84KG
1 Nazmi Avluca (Turkey)
2 Damian Janikowski (Poland)
3 Pablo Shorey Hernandez (Cuba)
3 Alim Selimov (Belarus)
5 Hristo Marinov (Bulgaria)
6 Habibollah Akhlaghi (Iran)
7 Rami Hietaniemi (Finland)
8 Alexei Michin (Russia)
96KG
1 Jimmy Lidberg (Sweden)
2 Aslanbek Khushtov (Russia)
3 Amir Aliakbari (Iran)
3 Elis Guri (Bulgaria)
5 Timofej Dzeynichenko (Belarus)
6 Cenk Ildem (Turkey)
7 Balázs Kiss (Hungary)
8 Artur Aleksanyan (Armenia)
120KG
1 Riza Kayaalp (Turkey)
2 Mijaín López (Cuba)
3 Nurmakhan Tinaliev (Kazakhstan)
3 Youri Patrikeev (Armenia)
5 Mihály Deák Bárdos (Hungary)
6 Bashir Babajanzadeh (Iran)
7 Dremiel Byers (United States)
8 Khassan Baroev (Russia)
FREESTYLE: MEN
55KG
1 Victor Lebedev (Russia)
2 Makhmud Magomedov (Azerbaijan)
3 Radoslav Velikov Marinov (Bulgaria)
3 Yasuhiro Inaba (Japan)
5 Hassan Rahimi (Iran)
6 Frank Chamizo Marquez (Cuba)
7 Yang Kyong Il (DPR Korea)
8 Sam Hazewinkel (United States)
60KG
1 Besik Kudukhov (Russia)
2 Zelimkhan Huseinov (Azerbaijan)
3 Kenichi Yumoto (Japan)
3 Vasyl Fedorishin (Ukraine)
5 Franklin Gomez Matos (Puerto Rico)
6 Dauren Zhumagazyyev (Kazakhstan)
7 Coleman Scott (United States)
8 Masoud Esmailpour (Iran)
66KG
1 Mehdi Taghavi Kermani (Iran)
2 Yabrail Hasanov (Azerbaijan)
3 Sushil Kumar (India)
3 Tatsuhiro Yonemitsu (Japan)
5 Geandry Garzón (Cuba)
6 Leonid Spiridonov (Kazakhstan)
7 Alan Gogayev (Russia)
8 Leonid Bazan (Bulgaria)
74KG
1 Saderg Goudarzi (Iran)
2 Jordan Burroughs (United States)
3 Ashraf Aliyev (Azerbaijan)
3 Denis Tsargush (Russia)
5 Davit Khutsishvili (Georgia)
6 Abdulhakim Shapiev (Kazakhstan)
7 Gábor Hatos (Hungary)
8 Yunieski Blanco Mora (Cuba)
84KG
1 Sharif Sharifov (Azerbaijan)
2 Dato Marsagishvili (Georgia)
3 Ibragim Aldatov (Ukraine)
3 Zaurbek Sokhiev (Uzbekistan)
5 Michail Ganev (Bulgaria)
6 Reineri Salas (Cuba)
7 Ehsan Lashgari (Iran)
8 Soslan Ktsoev (Russia)
96KG
1 Khetag Gazumov (Azerbaijan)
2 Reza Yazdani (Iran)
3 Elizbari Odikadze (Georgia)
3 Serhat Balci (Turkey)
5 Khadshimourad Gatsalov (Russia)
6 Ruslan Sheyikhov (Belarus)
7 Jake Varner (United States)
8 Alexei Krupniakov (Kyrgyzstan)
120KG
1 Beylal Makhov (Russia)
2 Tervel Dlagnev (United States)
3 Aleksey Shemarov (Belarus)
3 Jamaladdin Magomedov (Azerbaijan)
5 Artur Taimazov (Uzbekistan)
6 Fatih Çakiroglu (Turkey)
7 Davit Modzmanashvili (Georgia)
8 Dániel Ligeti (Hungary)
FREESTYLE: WOMEN
48KG
1 Maria Stadnyk (Azerbaijan)
2 Hitomi Obara (Japan)
3 Jyldyz Eshimova-Turtbayeva (Kazakhstan)
3 Zhao Shasha (China)
5 Carol Huynh (Canada)
6 Larissa Oorzak (Russia)
7 Lyudmila Balushka (Ukraine)
8 Alyssa Lampe (United States)
55KG
1 Saori Yoshida (Japan)
2 Tonya Verbeek (Canada)
3 Ida-Theres Nerell (Sweden)
3 Tatiana Lazareva (Ukraine)
5 Tatiana Padilla (United States)
6 Yulia Ratkevich (Azerbaijan)
7 Anna Gomis (France)
8 Aiyim Abdildina (Kazakhstan)
63KG
1 Kaori Icho (Japan)
2 Lyubov Volossova (Russia)
3 Justine Bouchard (Canada)
3 Marianna Sastin (Hungary)
5 Elena Pirozkhov (United States)
6 Ochirbat Nasanburmaa (Mongolia)
7 Henna Johansson (Sweden)
8 Jing Ruixue China
72KG
1 Stanka Zlateva Hristova (Bulgaria)
2 Ekaterina Bukina (Russia)
3 Ali Bernard (United States)
3 Kyoko Hamaguchi (Japan)
5 Gouzel Manyurova (Kazakhstan)
6 Ohenewa Akuffo (Canada)
7 Hong Yan (China)
8 Vasilisa Marzaliuk (Belarus)

The competition takes place in a single day. It is knock-out with a repechage for everyone who was beaten by either of the finalists earlier. They are divided into two groups according to which finalist they lost to with the winners claiming the two bronze medals awarded.

If a competitor fails to pin his opponent, a bout is best of three rounds which are won by the accumulation of points. Five points are awarded for a throw of grand amplitude which places the opponent in a direct and immediate danger position (the danger position is when the line of the wrestler's back or shoulders form an angle of less than ninety degrees to the mat while they are using their upper body to avoid a fall). Three points are awarded for a grand amplitude throw that does not bring the opponent into a direct and immediate danger position or for a short amplitude throw which does. One point is awarded for a short amplitude takedown which does not put the opponent in the danger position. A wrestler who gains control over their opponent immediately after being in the opponent's control is awarded one point. Two points are awarded whenever a wrestler exposes their opponent's back to the mat. One point is earned if a wrestler keeps their opponent in that exposed position for five continuous seconds. Infractions such as fleeing the mat, openly refusing contact, using an illegal hold or striking an opponent result in the award of one or two points to the opponent.

ALL-TIME MEDAL TABLE:

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