Woakes and Buttler get their chance as two of the stars of England's Test series victory are given a rest, the ECB confirmed on Tuesday morning, while another man who impressed in Nagpur, Joe Root, has been added to the Twenty20 squad.
Root, more known for his prowess in the longer form of the game, helps to pad out a threadbare squad which will be captained by Eoin Morgan in the absence of the injured Stuart Broad for this week's two T20 games.
The decision to rest Anderson, who was only due to play in the first two of five one-day internationals scheduled for January, was perhaps no great surprise given his heavy workload in sapping conditions in the Test series.
An ECB statement read: "Woakes and Buttler replace Anderson and Trott in [the] India ODI squad as [the] selectors look to manage workloads."
Buttler, already a member of the T20 squad, has one ODI cap to his name, while Woakes memorably took six wickets against Australia in Brisbane in 2011.
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