The former Hearts and Inverness player was hit with a Scottish Football Association notice of complaint that alleges he bet against his "then-registered club" three times between March 4, 2006 and July 28, 2013.
Black has also been charged with breaching the SFA's disciplinary rule 22 by "betting on a further 10 football matches that involved then-registered club" and "betting on a further 147 football matches".
Midfielder Black joined Rangers a free agent on a three-year deal in 2012.
A hearing has been set for September 12.
- Sports & Recreation
- Scottish Football Association