The 30-year-old, who also won the award in 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012, earned 644 points in a poll to pip Werder Bremen defender Theodor Gebre Selassie (234) and Hamburg midfielder Petr Jiracek (165).
Cech, capped 98 times by his country, beat the record set by former Czechoslovakia keeper Ivo Viktor who picked up the award five times between 1968-76.
Viktoria Plzen coach Pavel Vrba has been named Coach of the Year for a third time in a row.
- Sports & Recreation
- Theodor Gebre Selassie
- Werder Bremen