1995 World Championship finalist Bond failed to pot a ball in the opening three frames as breaks of 102, 111 and 83 handed the former UK champion a 3-0 lead.
Bond managed to prevent the whitewash by closing with 26 - his highest contribution of the match - to snare the fourth frame, but was quickly put out of his misery as world number one Trump continued to revel in points with 104 and 48 seeing him safely into tomorrow's quarter-finals in just over 90 minutes.
"Considering the conditions are tough here and it's very hot it was one of the best games I have played," said Trump. "It was very warm in the arena, but you just have to get on with it. My form is getting better."
He will face Matthew Stevens a place in the semi-finals after the Welshman won the final four frames to complete a 5-3 victory over Shaun Murphy.
Stevens was forced to borrow the cue of fellow Welshman Mark Williams after his cue failed to arrive on the flight from the UK.
"It's hard enough to win when you've got your cue!," commented Stevens. "I dug in there at 3-1 down and tried to play without side as it's hard to play with side with a different cue. Hopefully my cue will arrive tonight. I didn't expect to get this far so everything now is a bonus. Maybe I'll put my cue in the bin!"
Neil Robertson was convincing in his 5-0 victory over Graeme Dott in a mini-repeat of the 2010 World Championship final to secure a last-eight meeting with world number two Mark Selby, who enjoyed a 5-1 win over Barry Hawkins in a scrappy tussle.
Selby's best break was only 56, and he said: "I didn't play well but I won the match which is the most important thing. I might wear a glove tomorrow if the conditions are the same."
Robertson made 78, 86, 73 and 40 in overwhelming Dott, whose most prolific knock of 46 was never going to be enough to live with his fellow former world champion.
Four-times world champion John Higgins completed a 5-0 rout of Stuart Bingham to book a quarter-final match with local favourite Ding Junhui, who downed Marco Fu 5-2 in the evening session in China. Scotsman Higgins was never troubled by Bingham as runs of 105 and 64 helped him progress.
Defending champion Mark Allen will face Ricky Walden in the last eight after recovering from trailing 2-0 to complete a 5-2 win over a struggling Robert Milkins.
Despite the three-frame victory, Allen was far from pleased with his performance, posting on Twitter: "Sorry to anyone who had to watch that! That was embarrassing. I swear I CAN play a bit, promise!"
Walden and Stephen Maguire went to a deciding frame before the 'Stamina Man' lived up to his billing with a 70 break which sealed a 5-4 success over the Scot. Walden notched a 104 century in the opening frame.
Friday's quarter-finals (all times GMT)
Morning session (best of nine frames) - 6.30am
Neil Robertson v Mark Selby
Judd Trump v Matthew Stevens
Afternoon session (best of nine frames) - 11.30am
John Higgins v Ding Junhui
Mark Allen v Ricky Walden
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- Matthew Stevens