With the collapse of the Soviet Union, a dominant Olympic power for four decades, Russia lost all its mountain training bases - a point highlighted by President Vladimir Putin when he presented Sochi's bid in 2007.
So staging the Games has not only yielded a hugely increased medal count after a dismal 11th place in Vancouver in 2010; it also leaves behind a cluster of world-class venues that should hugely benefit the next generation of winter athletes.
With a final tally of 13 golds, 11 silvers and nine bronzes, Russia topped the table for the first time since 1994 - an important achievement for a country that since Soviet days has sought pride and prestige through sport.
In the doll-like figure of 15-year-old Julia Lipnitskaya, who stole the show in the gold medal-winning figure skating team, it produced a new Olympic darling who melted hearts at home and around the world.
Even Lipnitskaya was upstaged in the women's individual event by fellow Russian teenager Adelina Sotnikova who controversially beat South Korea's 'Ice Queen' Kim Yuna to take gold, igniting a furore over the judging.
True, several of the home golds came from 'imports', with South Korean-born Viktor Ahn winning the 500 metre and 1,000m short-track speed skating and leading the 5000m relay team to victory, as well as taking individual bronze in the 1,500m.
American-born Vic Wild, who switched his allegiance after marrying a Russian, become the first snowboarder to win two titles at a single Olympics, adding parallel slalom gold to his giant slalom victory.
On the other hand, Russians could claim a little piece of 'Ipod', a.k.a. Iouri Podladtchikov, the snowboard halfpipe gold medallist who was born in Moscow, competes for Switzerland, speaks fluent Russian and described winning in his fatherland as "beautiful".
There was disappointment in ice hockey when, in a clash with echoes of the great Cold War Olympic battles, the men's team lost to the United States in a shootout after having a goal disallowed by the American referee - a moment that prompted Putin supporters and opponents to briefly unite in outrage on Twitter.
A further defeat, to Finland, saw the Russians eliminated from the competition in the quarter-final. Captain Pavel Datsyuk summed up the mood of a deflated nation when he told reporters: "Inside I am absolutely empty."
At the Iceberg Skating Palace, the elfin Lipnitskaya hit the heights in the team event but crashed to the ice in the short programme, and Yevgeny Plushenko ended his epic career on a sad note, pulling out of the men's individual event at short notice with an injury he said was "like a knife in my back".
Tatiana Volosozhar and Maxim Trankov took the pairs title to add to Sotnikova's triumph in one of the showpiece events of the Games.
Elsewhere, Russians picked up two golds, five silvers and two bronzes in biathlon and cross-country skiing, where Alexander Legkov led a clean sweep for the home team in the men's 50 km on Sunday. But they were way off the pace in Alpine skiing, where their highest result in any event was 14th.
They fared even worse at the RusSki centre, venue for the ski jump and Nordic Combined, where their best showing was Irina Avvakumova's 16th in the inaugural women's normal hill.
In all of these sports, though, Russia stands to reap future benefits from its newly built facilities in the Caucasus Mountains above Sochi.
The Laura cross-country ski and biathlon centre will become a training base for the Russian team, while skiers and ski jumpers are also looking forward to racking up fewer air miles.
"It will be much better. In previous years we trained only in Europe - Austria, Germany, Estonia, Poland. We were practically never at home. Now if this jumping centre keeps developing, of course there will be a big boost for ski jumping and Nordic Combined," said Niyaz Nabeev, a member of the relay team in the latter.
The benefits of training at a brand new state-of-the-art facility were evident from the results at the Sanki sliding centre, where Russians have been able to prepare for the past two years instead of having to travel to Latvia.
In the skeleton, Alexander Tretiakov took gold for the men and Elena Nikitina won a bronze, while the lugers won two silvers.
It was left to Alexander Zubkov, winning driver of the two-man bobsleigh, to round off a memorable home Olympics by steering to victory in the four-man competition on the final afternoon of the Games.
- Sports & Recreation
- Vladimir Putin
- Julia Lipnitskaya