Although Hamilton's team-mate Nico Rosberg managed to salvage sixth place, the 2008 world champion tumbled down the field.
"It was an experience that I don't really want to go through again," said Hamilton.
"Today I was doing absolutely everything the same as I did in Bahrain.
"But I had no grip, I couldn't push, and if I did, the tyre just went off immediately.
"I'm absolutely lost today. I don't know what went wrong."
Hamilton admitted he had expected Mercedes to have made more progress resolving its tyre troubles since Bahrain.
"It seems others made a bigger step for this weekend than us," he said.
"Even though we brought upgrades, we didn't make any progress with the degradation."
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