Menu's Chevrolet team-mates Yvan Muller and Rob Huff were second and third quickest respectively, a qualifying result that sealed the constructors' championship for the team.
"It was a great result," said Menu. "This is a very difficult track and it’s easy to make mistakes. Even more than at Sonoma, since this track is shorter and quicker.
"I have been on top since the beginning of the track activities, but Yvan and Rob have always been very close. I think any of us could have won pole position today."
Muller was disappointed not to be at the front of the grid but was happy to edge Huff and therefore boost his hopes of taking the title.
"Today you could win or lose pole position because of a marginal mistake. I had looked for the limit of the car in practice and it helped," he said.
"I was trying to push as hard as I could. But obviously it was not enough to beat Alain. Anyway, better than nothing, I have pocketed one more point compared to Rob. Now every little thing counts for the title fight."
1. Alain Menu Chevrolet 52.885
2. Yvan Muller Chevrolet 52.950
3. Rob Huff Chevrolet 53.054
4. Alex MacDowall Bamboo Chevrolet 53.206
5. Mehdi Bennani Proteam BMW 53.224
6. Gabriele Tarquini Lukoil SEAT 53.259
7. Tom Coronel ROAL BMW 53.400
8. Aleksei Dudukalo Lukoil SEAT 53.513
9. Pepe Oriola Tuenti SEAT 53.516
10. Stefano D'Aste Wiechers BMW 53.729
11. Tiago Monteiro Honda 53.886
12. Darryl O'Young Bamboo Chevrolet 54.491
- Yvan Muller
- Rob Huff